Guide For Fast Foods

Its very difficult to resist the delicious mouth watering fast foods. Here are some tips for the healthy way for fast foods:

Fried fish and chips with lemon, ketchup, and ...

 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

  1. For breakfast avoid croissants or muffins stuffed with eggs or meat. They pack as many as 700 calories. Better options are plain scrambled eggs ( 150-180 calories), pancakes without butter or syrup and English muffins.
  2. For lunch or dinner if you want meat go for plain hamburgers (no cheese), which average 275-350 calories. Roasted beef which is lower in fat and calories is even better.
  3. Be wary of fast food fish. With frying oil trapped in the breading and creamy tartar sauce on the top, fried fish sandwiches supply more calories (425-500) and fat than regular hamburgers.
  4. Avoid fried chicken, the coatings tend to retain the oil. Select bites from chicken breast.
  5. Ask for unsalted items. They are available.
  6. If you sample the salad bar, steer clear of mayonnaise, oily vegetable salads and rich dressings.

Read more:   Top 10 ideas to eat smart

 

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Common 10 Tests Done In Heart Disease

There is no single test that can diagnose the heart disease. The doctor will ask about the family history, the risk factors, and do the physical examination and several tests. Doctors consider all this and decide which tests need to be done.

These are the common tests done in case of heart disease:

1. EKG/ECG – Electrocardiogram is used to measure the rate and regularity of heart beat.

2. Echocardiogram – This test uses sound waves to create a picture of the heart. The picture is more detailed than an x-ray image.

3. Exercise stress test – 

English: Stock footage taken at Beaumont Hospi...

English: Stock footage taken at Beaumont Hospital. 14:18, 28 October 2006 (UTC) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

  • This test shows how well the heart pumps at higher workloads when it needs more oxygen.
  • EKG and blood pressure readings are taken before , during and after exercise to see how the heart responds to exercise.
  • The first EKG and blood pressure readings are done to baseline. Readings are then taken when a person walks on the exercise treadmill, pedal a stationary bicycle or receive medicine to make the heart beat faster.
  • The test continues till the heart reached heart rate set by the doctor.
  • The exercise part is stopped in case of chestpain or breathlessness.
  • It takes 15-20 minutes for this test.

4.Chest X-ray –  A chest x-ray takes the picture of the heart and lungs.

5. Cardiac catheterization –

  • A thin flexible tube is passed through an artery at the top of the leg (groin) or in the arm to reach the coronary arteries.
  • This allows the doctor to examine inside the arteries to see if there is any blockage.
  • The doctor determines the pressure and and blood flow in the chambers of heart, collect blood samples from heart and examine the arteries by x-ray.

6. Coronary Angiography –

A coronary angiogram that shows the LMCA, LAD ...

A coronary angiogram that shows the LMCA, LAD and LCX. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This test is usualy performed along with cardiac catheterization. A dye is injected into the coronary arteries. The doctor can see the flow of blood through the heart on an xray screen.

7. Nuclear Heart scans – This test uses radioactive tracers ( Technetium or thalium) to outline heart chambers and major blood vessels leading to and from the heart. A nuclear heart scan shows any damage to the heart muscle.

8. EBCT ( Electron beam computed tomography ) This test identifies and measures calcium build up in and around the coronary arteries.

9. Fasting blood glucose test to check the sugar levels as diabetes is major risk factor for heart disease.

10. A fasting Lipoprotein profile to check the cholesterol levels.

read more:

Why does the doctor suggest medical tests?

What is lipoprotein profile?

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Top 10 Tips For Nutrition Of 1 Year Old Baby

As Parents we are always very anxious and eager and excited with all mixed kind of feelings for our baby. What the child would love eating? what should we serve? Would that be healthy and many more questions we get.

Annaprasana, getting the first solid food (cer...

Annaprasana, getting the first solid food (cereals)

Here are few tips that will help you to choose right:

1. After 1 year the child should be started on variety of foods so that they develop a taste for healthy food.

2. Your job is to introduce new flavors and textures.

3. Babies have little tummies so serve food that are packed with nutrients required to grow healthy and strong. Limit the intake of sweets and chocolates.

4. Always remember you decide what variety of food to offer at a meal and your child decides which of those to eat and how much to eat!!

5. Milk: 

Smarties and Milk

Smarties and Milk (Photo credit: MrMoaks)

  • Give milk 2-3 times a day either cows or buffaloes milk
  • If your child doesn’t like milk make milk preparations like flavored milk using various fruits.

6. Fruits:

  • Give fruits in abundance
  • Do not peel the skin of fruits as they are nutritious in vitamins and minerals
  • Encourage to have fresh fruit juice but avoid adding sweeteners to it
  • Avoid canned fruits and juices as they contain sugar and preservatives

7. Rice & Chapati:

  • Use whole wheat ( don’t throw away the bran)
  • Rice will give your child plenty of vitamin B.

8. Vegetables:

English: vegetables

English: vegetables (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

  • Green , orange, red, yellow all these vegetables are important
  • Use water boiled for these vegetables in making various soups for the child
  • Do not overcook. You can smash the vegetables using a spoon for the child.

9. Dals:

  • Make sure you include foods like pulses, dal, grams , peanuts , peas, beans, eggs etc in diet.
  • Sprouted grams or moong is good for digestion and overall health.

10. Chocolates / Cold drinks:

  • Avoid chocolates as far as possible
  • Do not give your child tea or coffee or cold drinks as they contain caffeine and it might ruin your child’s appetite.

read more:

7 Easy Stretching Exercises For Children

Benefits Of Making Your Child A Veggie

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Roasted Potatoes

This is a heart healthy recipe.

*These potatoes should be crispy when done.

Potatoes with garlic, grease and spice

Ingredients: 

  • 1.5 pounds unpeeled potatoes
  • 1/2 head garlic
  • whole cloves 3
  • 1/4 th cup chopped fresh rosemary
  • salt
  • pepper

Procedure: 

Preheat the oven to 375o F

Cut the potatoes in halfes or quarters and place them in a baking pan with the whole cloves and garlic and small amount of water. Toss with rosemary. Cover the pan and bake for 20 minutes. Then remove the cover and roast for another 10-15 minutes. Add salt and pepper to taste.

Serving size – 1cup

Calories 224

Total fat- 0.5gms

Cholesterol – 0

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Lets Check Your Physical Activity IQ.

Answer these following simple questions and you will easily come to know the facts.

1. In general, what % of the calorie should come from carbohydrates if you are physically active?

  • 60-65%
  • 40%
  • 50%

Answer- 60-65% . Carbohydrate is the cheif fuel for you muscles. Examples of carbohydrate food include breads, cereals, pasta, vegetables and fruits. 

2.The most effective physical activity plan is?

  • Strength training
  • Aerobic workouts at moderate intensity 3 or more times a week
  • A combination of strength training, flexibility exercises, and aerobic activity

Answer- A combination of strength training, flexibility and aerobic activity. Strength and resistance training increase your muscle mass and strength. Aerobics ( walking, biking) has a beneficial effects on your heart. So this combination is considered to be the most effective well rounded plan.

3. Certain activities can help you to selectively remove fat from your waist, thighs, or specific areas of your body.

  • True
  • False

Answer – False. You cannot selectively remove fat from certain areas of body. Much of the way you look, including the size of different body parts, is determined by genetics. But dont give up. Although activities for specific areas wont burn fat there, the activity will strengthen the muscles there and make it firm.

4. Women tend to have a lower metabolic rate.

  • True
  • False

Answer- True. Women usually have a greater percentage of fat than men, and fat burns fewer calories tan muscles. This makes women’s metabolic rate 5-10 % slower than men’s.

5. How long does it take to see improvement in fitness levels if you are doing moderate intensity aerobic activity for 30 min 3 times a week?

  • a day or two
  • a week or two
  • a month or two

Answer- A week or two. If you are doing this activity you will see the improvements on regular basis. But the results will be noticeable within a week or two. As your fitness improves the activity will feel easier.

6. What type of workout maximizes fat burning?

  • low intensity workout
  • moderate intensity workout
  • high intensity workout

Answer – Moderate intensity workout.The percentage of fat calories burnt is higher for low intensity workouts, but this can be misleading. A greater absolute number of fat calories are burned during a moderate intensity workout.

7. A person who weighs more, burns more calories doing the same exercise as someone who weighs less.

  • True
  • False

Answer- True.The calories burned during an activity are directly related to how much you weigh. A smaller person would have to do an activity for a longer time to use the same amount of energy as a larger person because it takes more calories to move a large arm versus a small arm.

8. Because we start loosing muscle mass every year after about 30 years of age, physical activity has only a small benefit in older age.

  • True
  • False

Answer- False.It is never too late to include physical activity in your life. Frail and very old people (80+) can still participate in regular physical activity program improving the capacity of their hearts, decreasing the risk of falling, and improving their psychological outlook.

9. What are the key components of physical activity that are important for improving your fitness?

  • Frequency, intensity, duration
  • Calorie intake, altitude, humidity
  • Temperature, time, type of activity

Answer- Frequency, intensity, duration. Frequency means number of times per week an activity is performed, intensity is how hard you work, duration is the time spent during the activity. 

10. People who want bigger muscles should take protein supplements.

  • True
  • False

Answer– False. There is no evidence that excess protein will lead to bigger muscles. Eating more protein than you need is a waste, since the excess will be converted into fat or burned for energy. If you want to increase the size and strength of your muscles try strength training.

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Top 10 Ways To Protect Yourself From Cancer

The uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells causes cancer. Although all cancers have similar characteristics each is distinct. Genetics plays an important role in development of cancer, but along with that environmental factors, our diet and lifestyle too has a role.

English: Most common cancers in the United Sta...

English: Most common cancers in the United States 2008. See Epidemiology of cancer (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Top 10 ways to protect yourself from cancer:

1. Don’t smoke: Cigarette smoke is the number one carcinogen responsible for cancer.

2. Limit your alcohol intake: Heavy drinkers are more likely to develop oral cancer and cancer of larynx, throat, esophagus, liver and breast.

3. Stay out of the Sun: wearing sun-screen is better that using nothing.

4. Get moving: exercise- the heart strengthener and stamina builder also can reduce the risk of colon cancer.  Women who exercise early in life are less likely to develop breast cancer.

5. Watch your weight: Obesity increases the risk of several cancers including endometrial cancer particularly among post menopausal women.

6. Check yourself out: Scan your skin for suspicious moles every month. If you are a women, examine your breasts regularly. If you are a man, check your testicles.

7. Be sexually cautious: Cervical cancer has been linked with intercourse at an early age, multiple sex partners and infection with human papilloma virus. The incidence of prostate cancer in men increases with multiple sexual partners and history of frequente sexual transmitted diseases.

8. Watch what you eat: Cut down on fats. Eat more fruits, vegetables and whole grains. High fat foods have been linked to several cancers including breast, colon and prostate. Fruits , vegetables and whole grains are rich in antioxidants to help you.

9. Protect yourself from possible environmental carcinogens:  Many chemicals used in the industry can increase the risk to employees and people living near a factory that creates smoke, dust or gases. Follow safety precautions at work and check with local environmental officers about possible hazards.

10. Inform yourself: Know the warning signs of cancer and see the physician if you develop any of them. Find about any history of cancer in your family. Even though heredity accounts for less percentage of cancer cases the more you know about potential risks the more you can do to protect yourself.

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Is Your Heart Ready For Cold Weather?

If you have a heart disease, you have to take care of your heart throughout the year all 365 days. In addition to monitoring your symptoms, taking medications, following healthy lifestyle, having proper diet you also have to be prepared for the natural conditions.

Winton, heavy snowfall - geograph.org.uk - 1150414

Winton, heavy snowfall – geograph.org.uk – 1150414 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Let us understand what happens when the weather becomes cold:

1. When the temperature outside drops the heart has to work harder to maintain  body’s core temperature.

2. According to American Heart Association heart failure is the cause of most of the deaths from hypothermia.

3. Research is still going on that why cold temperature increases the risk for heart disease too.

4. Few researchers think cold weather may influence the human body in other ways (e.g hormones or blood vessel constriction) leading to heart attack.

Take care of yourself:

  • Be sure to bundle up with layers of clothes when going outside.
  • Wear a hat to reduce heat loss from your head.
  • Go slow while doing physically challenging tasks.
  • Ask your doctor about which activities should you do in cold weather.
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Top 10 Do’s And Don’ts Of Yoga

With the new year you all must have planned and made resolutions for being healthy, weight loss, eating right etc.

These do’s and don’ts will help all the begginers for making a start for a healthy year:

Yoga Class at a Gym Category:Gyms_and_Health_Clubs

Yoga Class at a Gym Category:Gyms_and_Health_Clubs (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

1. Don’t have a big meal right before the class. Try eating light few hours before the class.

2. Don’t drink water during the class. But have some before and after.

3. Don’t wear shoes or socks during the class.

4. Don’t try to do yoga on your own or from an untrained person.

5. Do check out your yoga tips for more on what you expect.

6. D0- review the yoga etiquettes so that you feel comfortable entering a unfamiliar situation.

7. Do- tell the teacher that its your first yoga class.

8. Do- ask for any help required.

9. Do- familiarize with some beginner yoga poses before you take your first class.

10. Do- Be regular for your classess!!

 

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Top 5 Tips For Preventing Stroke

When blood supply to a portion of brain is blocked a cerebrovascular accident or stroke occurs.

Stroke ranks third after heart attacks and cancer as a cause of death. 80% of strokes are preventable and key risk factors can be modified through either lifestyle changes or drugs.

Here are top 5 tips for preventing stroke:

Stroke Diagram

Stroke Diagram (Photo credit: ConstructionDealMkting)

1. Quit Smoking: Smokers have twice the risk of stroke that non-smokers have. when they quit their risk drops 50% in 2 years. Within 5 years of quitting their risk is similar like non smokers.

2. Keep blood pressure under control: Treating hypertension with medication can lead to a 40% reduction in fatal and non fatal strokes.

3. Eat a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet which reduces your risk of fatty buildup in blood vessels.

4. Avoid Obesity, which burdens the heart as well as the blood vessels.

5. Exercise: Moderate amounts of exercise improves circulation and may help dissolve deposits in the blood vessels that can lead to stroke.

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Top 5 Whats, Whys & Hows Of Medical Tests

Many times when you visit your doctor he suggests you to undergo various medical tests. Many physicians believe that you don’t need annual checkup if you are young and feel well. However certain types of tests should be performed periodically , particularly if you are 45 or older or you are at a higher than average risk of developing a particular disease.

Before you undergo these tests you need to understand the details of them.

Polski: Rentgenogram zakupiony przez Fundację ...

Polski: Rentgenogram zakupiony przez Fundację dla Szpitala im. Krysiewicza w Poznaniu (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

These are the whats, whys & hows of testing:

1. Before undergoing any test, find out why you need it. Get a specific answer, not a “just in case” or “for peace of mind”. If you have had the tests before , could the earlier results be used? Would a follow-up exam be just as helpful?

2. Get some practical information as well: Should you do specific things before tests? (such as not eat for a specific period) How long will the test take? What will the test feel like? Will you need help getting home afterwards?

3. Check out the risks. Any invasive test, one that penetrates the body with needle, tube or viewing instrument involves some risk of infection, bleeding or tissue damage. Tests involving radiation also involves risks and some people develop allergic reactions to materials used in testing.

4. Get information on the laboratory that will be evaluating the test. Ask how often false positives or false negatives occur.( False positives are abnormal results indicating that you have a particular condition when you really don’t. False negatives indicate that you don’t have a particular condition when you really do.) Find out about civil and criminal negligence suits filed against the laboratory on charges such as failing to diagnose cervical cancer because of incorrect readings of Pap smears etc.

5. You will also want to know what happens when the test indicates a problem: Will the test be repeated? Will a different test be performed? Will treatment begin immediately? Could any medications you are taking(including non prescription drugs like aspirin) affect the testing procedures or results?

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