Common 10 Tests Done In Heart Disease

There is no single test that can diagnose the heart disease. The doctor will ask about the family history, the risk factors, and do the physical examination and several tests. Doctors consider all this and decide which tests need to be done.

These are the common tests done in case of heart disease:

1. EKG/ECG – Electrocardiogram is used to measure the rate and regularity of heart beat.

2. Echocardiogram – This test uses sound waves to create a picture of the heart. The picture is more detailed than an x-ray image.

3. Exercise stress test – 

English: Stock footage taken at Beaumont Hospi...

English: Stock footage taken at Beaumont Hospital. 14:18, 28 October 2006 (UTC) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

  • This test shows how well the heart pumps at higher workloads when it needs more oxygen.
  • EKG and blood pressure readings are taken before , during and after exercise to see how the heart responds to exercise.
  • The first EKG and blood pressure readings are done to baseline. Readings are then taken when a person walks on the exercise treadmill, pedal a stationary bicycle or receive medicine to make the heart beat faster.
  • The test continues till the heart reached heart rate set by the doctor.
  • The exercise part is stopped in case of chestpain or breathlessness.
  • It takes 15-20 minutes for this test.

4.Chest X-ray –  A chest x-ray takes the picture of the heart and lungs.

5. Cardiac catheterization –

  • A thin flexible tube is passed through an artery at the top of the leg (groin) or in the arm to reach the coronary arteries.
  • This allows the doctor to examine inside the arteries to see if there is any blockage.
  • The doctor determines the pressure and and blood flow in the chambers of heart, collect blood samples from heart and examine the arteries by x-ray.

6. Coronary Angiography –

A coronary angiogram that shows the LMCA, LAD ...

A coronary angiogram that shows the LMCA, LAD and LCX. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This test is usualy performed along with cardiac catheterization. A dye is injected into the coronary arteries. The doctor can see the flow of blood through the heart on an xray screen.

7. Nuclear Heart scans – This test uses radioactive tracers ( Technetium or thalium) to outline heart chambers and major blood vessels leading to and from the heart. A nuclear heart scan shows any damage to the heart muscle.

8. EBCT ( Electron beam computed tomography ) This test identifies and measures calcium build up in and around the coronary arteries.

9. Fasting blood glucose test to check the sugar levels as diabetes is major risk factor for heart disease.

10. A fasting Lipoprotein profile to check the cholesterol levels.

read more:

Why does the doctor suggest medical tests?

What is lipoprotein profile?

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Top 10 Tips For Nutrition Of 1 Year Old Baby

As Parents we are always very anxious and eager and excited with all mixed kind of feelings for our baby. What the child would love eating? what should we serve? Would that be healthy and many more questions we get.

Annaprasana, getting the first solid food (cer...

Annaprasana, getting the first solid food (cereals)

Here are few tips that will help you to choose right:

1. After 1 year the child should be started on variety of foods so that they develop a taste for healthy food.

2. Your job is to introduce new flavors and textures.

3. Babies have little tummies so serve food that are packed with nutrients required to grow healthy and strong. Limit the intake of sweets and chocolates.

4. Always remember you decide what variety of food to offer at a meal and your child decides which of those to eat and how much to eat!!

5. Milk: 

Smarties and Milk

Smarties and Milk (Photo credit: MrMoaks)

  • Give milk 2-3 times a day either cows or buffaloes milk
  • If your child doesn’t like milk make milk preparations like flavored milk using various fruits.

6. Fruits:

  • Give fruits in abundance
  • Do not peel the skin of fruits as they are nutritious in vitamins and minerals
  • Encourage to have fresh fruit juice but avoid adding sweeteners to it
  • Avoid canned fruits and juices as they contain sugar and preservatives

7. Rice & Chapati:

  • Use whole wheat ( don’t throw away the bran)
  • Rice will give your child plenty of vitamin B.

8. Vegetables:

English: vegetables

English: vegetables (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

  • Green , orange, red, yellow all these vegetables are important
  • Use water boiled for these vegetables in making various soups for the child
  • Do not overcook. You can smash the vegetables using a spoon for the child.

9. Dals:

  • Make sure you include foods like pulses, dal, grams , peanuts , peas, beans, eggs etc in diet.
  • Sprouted grams or moong is good for digestion and overall health.

10. Chocolates / Cold drinks:

  • Avoid chocolates as far as possible
  • Do not give your child tea or coffee or cold drinks as they contain caffeine and it might ruin your child’s appetite.

read more:

7 Easy Stretching Exercises For Children

Benefits Of Making Your Child A Veggie

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Roasted Potatoes

This is a heart healthy recipe.

*These potatoes should be crispy when done.

Potatoes with garlic, grease and spice

Ingredients: 

  • 1.5 pounds unpeeled potatoes
  • 1/2 head garlic
  • whole cloves 3
  • 1/4 th cup chopped fresh rosemary
  • salt
  • pepper

Procedure: 

Preheat the oven to 375o F

Cut the potatoes in halfes or quarters and place them in a baking pan with the whole cloves and garlic and small amount of water. Toss with rosemary. Cover the pan and bake for 20 minutes. Then remove the cover and roast for another 10-15 minutes. Add salt and pepper to taste.

Serving size – 1cup

Calories 224

Total fat- 0.5gms

Cholesterol – 0

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