Guide For Fast Foods

Its very difficult to resist the delicious mouth watering fast foods. Here are some tips for the healthy way for fast foods:

Fried fish and chips with lemon, ketchup, and ...

 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

  1. For breakfast avoid croissants or muffins stuffed with eggs or meat. They pack as many as 700 calories. Better options are plain scrambled eggs ( 150-180 calories), pancakes without butter or syrup and English muffins.
  2. For lunch or dinner if you want meat go for plain hamburgers (no cheese), which average 275-350 calories. Roasted beef which is lower in fat and calories is even better.
  3. Be wary of fast food fish. With frying oil trapped in the breading and creamy tartar sauce on the top, fried fish sandwiches supply more calories (425-500) and fat than regular hamburgers.
  4. Avoid fried chicken, the coatings tend to retain the oil. Select bites from chicken breast.
  5. Ask for unsalted items. They are available.
  6. If you sample the salad bar, steer clear of mayonnaise, oily vegetable salads and rich dressings.

Read more:   Top 10 ideas to eat smart

 

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Common 10 Tests Done In Heart Disease

There is no single test that can diagnose the heart disease. The doctor will ask about the family history, the risk factors, and do the physical examination and several tests. Doctors consider all this and decide which tests need to be done.

These are the common tests done in case of heart disease:

1. EKG/ECG – Electrocardiogram is used to measure the rate and regularity of heart beat.

2. Echocardiogram – This test uses sound waves to create a picture of the heart. The picture is more detailed than an x-ray image.

3. Exercise stress test – 

English: Stock footage taken at Beaumont Hospi...

English: Stock footage taken at Beaumont Hospital. 14:18, 28 October 2006 (UTC) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

  • This test shows how well the heart pumps at higher workloads when it needs more oxygen.
  • EKG and blood pressure readings are taken before , during and after exercise to see how the heart responds to exercise.
  • The first EKG and blood pressure readings are done to baseline. Readings are then taken when a person walks on the exercise treadmill, pedal a stationary bicycle or receive medicine to make the heart beat faster.
  • The test continues till the heart reached heart rate set by the doctor.
  • The exercise part is stopped in case of chestpain or breathlessness.
  • It takes 15-20 minutes for this test.

4.Chest X-ray –  A chest x-ray takes the picture of the heart and lungs.

5. Cardiac catheterization –

  • A thin flexible tube is passed through an artery at the top of the leg (groin) or in the arm to reach the coronary arteries.
  • This allows the doctor to examine inside the arteries to see if there is any blockage.
  • The doctor determines the pressure and and blood flow in the chambers of heart, collect blood samples from heart and examine the arteries by x-ray.

6. Coronary Angiography –

A coronary angiogram that shows the LMCA, LAD ...

A coronary angiogram that shows the LMCA, LAD and LCX. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This test is usualy performed along with cardiac catheterization. A dye is injected into the coronary arteries. The doctor can see the flow of blood through the heart on an xray screen.

7. Nuclear Heart scans – This test uses radioactive tracers ( Technetium or thalium) to outline heart chambers and major blood vessels leading to and from the heart. A nuclear heart scan shows any damage to the heart muscle.

8. EBCT ( Electron beam computed tomography ) This test identifies and measures calcium build up in and around the coronary arteries.

9. Fasting blood glucose test to check the sugar levels as diabetes is major risk factor for heart disease.

10. A fasting Lipoprotein profile to check the cholesterol levels.

read more:

Why does the doctor suggest medical tests?

What is lipoprotein profile?

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Is Your Heart Ready For Cold Weather?

If you have a heart disease, you have to take care of your heart throughout the year all 365 days. In addition to monitoring your symptoms, taking medications, following healthy lifestyle, having proper diet you also have to be prepared for the natural conditions.

Winton, heavy snowfall - geograph.org.uk - 1150414

Winton, heavy snowfall – geograph.org.uk – 1150414 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Let us understand what happens when the weather becomes cold:

1. When the temperature outside drops the heart has to work harder to maintain  body’s core temperature.

2. According to American Heart Association heart failure is the cause of most of the deaths from hypothermia.

3. Research is still going on that why cold temperature increases the risk for heart disease too.

4. Few researchers think cold weather may influence the human body in other ways (e.g hormones or blood vessel constriction) leading to heart attack.

Take care of yourself:

  • Be sure to bundle up with layers of clothes when going outside.
  • Wear a hat to reduce heat loss from your head.
  • Go slow while doing physically challenging tasks.
  • Ask your doctor about which activities should you do in cold weather.
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Top 5 Tips For Preventing Stroke

When blood supply to a portion of brain is blocked a cerebrovascular accident or stroke occurs.

Stroke ranks third after heart attacks and cancer as a cause of death. 80% of strokes are preventable and key risk factors can be modified through either lifestyle changes or drugs.

Here are top 5 tips for preventing stroke:

Stroke Diagram

Stroke Diagram (Photo credit: ConstructionDealMkting)

1. Quit Smoking: Smokers have twice the risk of stroke that non-smokers have. when they quit their risk drops 50% in 2 years. Within 5 years of quitting their risk is similar like non smokers.

2. Keep blood pressure under control: Treating hypertension with medication can lead to a 40% reduction in fatal and non fatal strokes.

3. Eat a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet which reduces your risk of fatty buildup in blood vessels.

4. Avoid Obesity, which burdens the heart as well as the blood vessels.

5. Exercise: Moderate amounts of exercise improves circulation and may help dissolve deposits in the blood vessels that can lead to stroke.

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Top 10 Tips To Quit Smoking

Smoking is one of the risk factors for heart disease. Not only does it affect your heart but also is dangerous for your lungs. If you are trying or want to quit smoking, following things will help you.

Top 10 ways you can quit smoking:

1. Use delaying tactics: Have your first cigarette of the day 15 minutes than usual, then 15 min later than that the next day and so on.

2. Distract yourself: When you feel a craving for cigarette , talk to someone, drink a glass of water or get up and move around.

3. Establish non-smoking hours: Instead of lighting up at the end of a meal, for instance get up immediatly, brush your teeth, wash your hands or take a walk.

4. Never smoke two packs of the same brand in a row: Buy cigarettes only by the pack, not by the carton.

cigarette

5. Make it harder to get your cigarettes: Lock them in a drawer, wrap them in a paper, or leave them in your coat or car.

6. Change the way you smoke: Smoke with the hand you usually don’t use. Smoke only half of each cigarette.

7. Keep daily records: Chart your daily cigarette tally to see what progress you are making.

8. Stop completely for just one day at a time: Promise yourself 24 hours of freedom from cigarettes. When the day is over, make the same commitment for one more day. At the end of any 24 hours day, you can go back to smoking and not feel guilty.

9. Spend more time in places where you can;t smoke: Take up bike riding or swimming. Shower often. Go to movies or other places where smoking is not allowed.

10. Go cold turkey: If you are a heavily addicted smoker, try a decisive and complete break. Smokers who quit completely are less likely to light up again than those who gradually decrease their daily cigarette consumption, switch to low tar or low nicotine brands or use special filters and holders.

REMEMBER ONLY ONE THINK NEXT TIME WHEN YOU SMOKE — YOUR FAMILY!!

English: Smoking kills. Written on cigarette b...

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Top 10 Tips For Healthy Heart

Heart diseases is one of the most common lifestyle disease which can be definitely prevented by few changes in the lifestyle.

Here we present top 10 tips for healthy heart:

  1. Don’t smoke: There is no bigger favor you can do to your heart or lungs!
  2. Watch your weight: Even relatively modest gains can have a big effect on your risk of heart disease.
  3. Cut down on saturated fats and cholesterol: This can help prevent high blood cholesterol levels, obesity, and heart disease.
  4. Get moving: Engage in regular physical activity. A little is better than none, more is even better.
  5. Lower your stress levels: If too much stress is a problem in your life, try the relaxation techniques.
  6. Know your family history: Inheriting the predisposition to high blood pressure or heart disease means that your heart needs extra preventive care.
  7. Get your blood pressure checked regularly: Knowing your numbers can alert you to a potential problem long before you develop any symptoms.
  8. Tame your temper: Hostility can be hazardous for heart. Look for other ways of releasing frustration.
  9. Get a lipoprotein profile: You can’t know if your heart is in danger unless you know your cholesterol and lipid levels. Get a blood test after your physical examination.
  10. Take appropriate medications: Those with high cholesterol or high blood pressure should seek their physician’s advice.