The uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells causes cancer. Although all cancers have similar characteristics each is distinct. Genetics plays an important role in development of cancer, but along with that environmental factors, our diet and lifestyle too has a role.
Top 10 ways to protect yourself from cancer:
1. Don’t smoke: Cigarette smoke is the number one carcinogen responsible for cancer.
2. Limit your alcohol intake: Heavy drinkers are more likely to develop oral cancer and cancer of larynx, throat, esophagus, liver and breast.
3. Stay out of the Sun: wearing sun-screen is better that using nothing.
4. Get moving: exercise- the heart strengthener and stamina builder also can reduce the risk of colon cancer. Women who exercise early in life are less likely to develop breast cancer.
5. Watch your weight: Obesity increases the risk of several cancers including endometrial cancer particularly among post menopausal women.
6. Check yourself out: Scan your skin for suspicious moles every month. If you are a women, examine your breasts regularly. If you are a man, check your testicles.
7. Be sexually cautious: Cervical cancer has been linked with intercourse at an early age, multiple sex partners and infection with human papilloma virus. The incidence of prostate cancer in men increases with multiple sexual partners and history of frequente sexual transmitted diseases.
8. Watch what you eat: Cut down on fats. Eat more fruits, vegetables and whole grains. High fat foods have been linked to several cancers including breast, colon and prostate. Fruits , vegetables and whole grains are rich in antioxidants to help you.
9. Protect yourself from possible environmental carcinogens: Many chemicals used in the industry can increase the risk to employees and people living near a factory that creates smoke, dust or gases. Follow safety precautions at work and check with local environmental officers about possible hazards.
10. Inform yourself: Know the warning signs of cancer and see the physician if you develop any of them. Find about any history of cancer in your family. Even though heredity accounts for less percentage of cancer cases the more you know about potential risks the more you can do to protect yourself.