Common 10 Tests Done In Heart Disease

There is no single test that can diagnose the heart disease. The doctor will ask about the family history, the risk factors, and do the physical examination and several tests. Doctors consider all this and decide which tests need to be done.

These are the common tests done in case of heart disease:

1. EKG/ECG – Electrocardiogram is used to measure the rate and regularity of heart beat.

2. Echocardiogram – This test uses sound waves to create a picture of the heart. The picture is more detailed than an x-ray image.

3. Exercise stress test – 

English: Stock footage taken at Beaumont Hospi...

English: Stock footage taken at Beaumont Hospital. 14:18, 28 October 2006 (UTC) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

  • This test shows how well the heart pumps at higher workloads when it needs more oxygen.
  • EKG and blood pressure readings are taken before , during and after exercise to see how the heart responds to exercise.
  • The first EKG and blood pressure readings are done to baseline. Readings are then taken when a person walks on the exercise treadmill, pedal a stationary bicycle or receive medicine to make the heart beat faster.
  • The test continues till the heart reached heart rate set by the doctor.
  • The exercise part is stopped in case of chestpain or breathlessness.
  • It takes 15-20 minutes for this test.

4.Chest X-ray –  A chest x-ray takes the picture of the heart and lungs.

5. Cardiac catheterization –

  • A thin flexible tube is passed through an artery at the top of the leg (groin) or in the arm to reach the coronary arteries.
  • This allows the doctor to examine inside the arteries to see if there is any blockage.
  • The doctor determines the pressure and and blood flow in the chambers of heart, collect blood samples from heart and examine the arteries by x-ray.

6. Coronary Angiography –

A coronary angiogram that shows the LMCA, LAD ...

A coronary angiogram that shows the LMCA, LAD and LCX. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This test is usualy performed along with cardiac catheterization. A dye is injected into the coronary arteries. The doctor can see the flow of blood through the heart on an xray screen.

7. Nuclear Heart scans – This test uses radioactive tracers ( Technetium or thalium) to outline heart chambers and major blood vessels leading to and from the heart. A nuclear heart scan shows any damage to the heart muscle.

8. EBCT ( Electron beam computed tomography ) This test identifies and measures calcium build up in and around the coronary arteries.

9. Fasting blood glucose test to check the sugar levels as diabetes is major risk factor for heart disease.

10. A fasting Lipoprotein profile to check the cholesterol levels.

read more:

Why does the doctor suggest medical tests?

What is lipoprotein profile?

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Is Your Heart Ready For Cold Weather?

If you have a heart disease, you have to take care of your heart throughout the year all 365 days. In addition to monitoring your symptoms, taking medications, following healthy lifestyle, having proper diet you also have to be prepared for the natural conditions.

Winton, heavy snowfall - geograph.org.uk - 1150414

Winton, heavy snowfall – geograph.org.uk – 1150414 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Let us understand what happens when the weather becomes cold:

1. When the temperature outside drops the heart has to work harder to maintain  body’s core temperature.

2. According to American Heart Association heart failure is the cause of most of the deaths from hypothermia.

3. Research is still going on that why cold temperature increases the risk for heart disease too.

4. Few researchers think cold weather may influence the human body in other ways (e.g hormones or blood vessel constriction) leading to heart attack.

Take care of yourself:

  • Be sure to bundle up with layers of clothes when going outside.
  • Wear a hat to reduce heat loss from your head.
  • Go slow while doing physically challenging tasks.
  • Ask your doctor about which activities should you do in cold weather.
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Top 5 tips to activate your lifestyle

Group of five happy children jumping outdoors.

Here are top 5 tips that will help you activate your lifestyle and get healthy:

  1. Stand while talking on the phone.
  2. Stretch while television commercials.
  3. If you have to wait for a delayed appointment, take a quick walk down the hall or upstairs.
  4. Put extra oomph into your chores. Use wide sweeping motions when you mop the floor. Turn on the radio and dance as you fold laundry or dust.
  5. Create opportunities for getting physical. Go dancing instead of to the movies. Shoot hoops with the friends instead of sipping coffee.
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