Common 10 Tests Done In Heart Disease

There is no single test that can diagnose the heart disease. The doctor will ask about the family history, the risk factors, and do the physical examination and several tests. Doctors consider all this and decide which tests need to be done.

These are the common tests done in case of heart disease:

1. EKG/ECG – Electrocardiogram is used to measure the rate and regularity of heart beat.

2. Echocardiogram – This test uses sound waves to create a picture of the heart. The picture is more detailed than an x-ray image.

3. Exercise stress test – 

English: Stock footage taken at Beaumont Hospi...

English: Stock footage taken at Beaumont Hospital. 14:18, 28 October 2006 (UTC) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

  • This test shows how well the heart pumps at higher workloads when it needs more oxygen.
  • EKG and blood pressure readings are taken before , during and after exercise to see how the heart responds to exercise.
  • The first EKG and blood pressure readings are done to baseline. Readings are then taken when a person walks on the exercise treadmill, pedal a stationary bicycle or receive medicine to make the heart beat faster.
  • The test continues till the heart reached heart rate set by the doctor.
  • The exercise part is stopped in case of chestpain or breathlessness.
  • It takes 15-20 minutes for this test.

4.Chest X-ray –  A chest x-ray takes the picture of the heart and lungs.

5. Cardiac catheterization –

  • A thin flexible tube is passed through an artery at the top of the leg (groin) or in the arm to reach the coronary arteries.
  • This allows the doctor to examine inside the arteries to see if there is any blockage.
  • The doctor determines the pressure and and blood flow in the chambers of heart, collect blood samples from heart and examine the arteries by x-ray.

6. Coronary Angiography –

A coronary angiogram that shows the LMCA, LAD ...

A coronary angiogram that shows the LMCA, LAD and LCX. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This test is usualy performed along with cardiac catheterization. A dye is injected into the coronary arteries. The doctor can see the flow of blood through the heart on an xray screen.

7. Nuclear Heart scans – This test uses radioactive tracers ( Technetium or thalium) to outline heart chambers and major blood vessels leading to and from the heart. A nuclear heart scan shows any damage to the heart muscle.

8. EBCT ( Electron beam computed tomography ) This test identifies and measures calcium build up in and around the coronary arteries.

9. Fasting blood glucose test to check the sugar levels as diabetes is major risk factor for heart disease.

10. A fasting Lipoprotein profile to check the cholesterol levels.

read more:

Why does the doctor suggest medical tests?

What is lipoprotein profile?

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Top 5 Tips For Preventing Stroke

When blood supply to a portion of brain is blocked a cerebrovascular accident or stroke occurs.

Stroke ranks third after heart attacks and cancer as a cause of death. 80% of strokes are preventable and key risk factors can be modified through either lifestyle changes or drugs.

Here are top 5 tips for preventing stroke:

Stroke Diagram

Stroke Diagram (Photo credit: ConstructionDealMkting)

1. Quit Smoking: Smokers have twice the risk of stroke that non-smokers have. when they quit their risk drops 50% in 2 years. Within 5 years of quitting their risk is similar like non smokers.

2. Keep blood pressure under control: Treating hypertension with medication can lead to a 40% reduction in fatal and non fatal strokes.

3. Eat a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet which reduces your risk of fatty buildup in blood vessels.

4. Avoid Obesity, which burdens the heart as well as the blood vessels.

5. Exercise: Moderate amounts of exercise improves circulation and may help dissolve deposits in the blood vessels that can lead to stroke.

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